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Spring Cloud

Hoxton.SR8

Spring Cloud provides tools for developers to quickly build some of the common patterns in distributed systems (e.g. configuration management, service discovery, circuit breakers, intelligent routing, micro-proxy, control bus, one-time tokens, global locks, leadership election, distributed sessions, cluster state). Coordination of distributed systems leads to boiler plate patterns, and using Spring Cloud developers can quickly stand up services and applications that implement those patterns. They will work well in any distributed environment, including the developer’s own laptop, bare metal data centres, and managed platforms such as Cloud Foundry.

Features

Spring Cloud focuses on providing good out of box experience for typical use cases and extensibility mechanism to cover others.

  • Distributed/versioned configuration

  • Service registration and discovery

  • Routing

  • Service-to-service calls

  • Load balancing

  • Circuit Breakers

  • Global locks

  • Leadership election and cluster state

  • Distributed messaging

Getting Started

Generating A New Spring Cloud Project

The easiest way to get started is visit start.spring.io, select your Spring Boot version and the Spring Cloud projects you want to use. This will add the corresponding Spring Cloud BOM version to your Maven/Gradle file when you generate the project.

Adding Spring Cloud To An Existing Spring Boot Application

If you an existing Spring Boot app you want to add Spring Cloud to that app, the first step is to determine the version of Spring Cloud you should use. The version you use in your app will depend on the version of Spring Boot you are using.

The table below outlines which version of Spring Cloud maps to which version of Spring Boot.

Table 1. Release train Spring Boot compatibility
Release Train Boot Version

Hoxton

2.2.x, 2.3.x (Starting with SR5)

Greenwich

2.1.x

Finchley

2.0.x

Edgware

1.5.x

Dalston

1.5.x

Warning
Spring Cloud Dalston, Edgware, and Finchley have all reached end of life status and are no longer supported.

Bug fixes and backwards compatible features are added to each release train via a service release (SR). Once you determine which version of Spring Cloud to use, you should use the latest service release for that release train. You can find the latest service release information on our release notes page.

Now that you know which release train to use and the latest service release for that release train you are ready to add the Spring Cloud BOM to your application.

<properties>
    <spring.cloud-version>Hoxton.SR8</spring.cloud-version>
</properties>
<dependencyManagement>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-dependencies</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.cloud-version}</version>
            <type>pom</type>
            <scope>import</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>
buildscript {
  dependencies {
    classpath "io.spring.gradle:dependency-management-plugin:1.0.10.RELEASE"
  }
}

ext {
  set('springCloudVersion', "Hoxton.SR8")
}


apply plugin: "io.spring.dependency-management"

dependencyManagement {
  imports {
    mavenBom 'org.springframework.cloud:spring-cloud-dependencies:${springCloudVersion}'
  }
}
Note
The release train contains a spring-cloud-dependencies as well as the spring-cloud-starter-parent. You can use the parent as you would the spring-boot-starter-parent (if you are using Maven). If you only need dependency management, the "dependencies" version is a BOM-only version of the same thing (it just contains dependency management and no plugin declarations or direct references to Spring or Spring Boot). If you are using the Spring Boot parent POM, then you can use the BOM from Spring Cloud. The opposite is not true: using the Cloud parent makes it impossible, or at least unreliable, to also use the Boot BOM to change the version of Spring Boot and its dependencies.

Just like Spring Boot, many Spring Cloud projects include starters that you can add as dependencies to add various cloud native features to your project. In many cases, many features are enabled purely by adding the starter to your classpath. The starter names are documented within the individual projects. Below is an example of how you would add a Spring Cloud Config Client and a Spring Cloud Netflix Eureka client to your application.

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-config</artifactId>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-netflix-eureka-client</artifactId>
    </dependency>
    ...
</dependencies>
dependencies {
  compile 'org.springframework.cloud:spring-cloud-starter-config'
  compile 'org.springframework.cloud:spring-cloud-starter-netflix-eureka-client'
  //...
}

Getting Started Resources

Main Projects

Spring Cloud Config

Centralized external configuration management backed by a git repository. The configuration resources map directly to Spring Environment but could be used by non-Spring applications if desired.

Spring Cloud Netflix

Integration with various Netflix OSS components (Eureka, Hystrix, Zuul, Archaius, etc.).

Spring Cloud Bus

An event bus for linking services and service instances together with distributed messaging. Useful for propagating state changes across a cluster (e.g. config change events).

Spring Cloud Cloudfoundry

Integrates your application with Pivotal Cloud Foundry. Provides a service discovery implementation and also makes it easy to implement SSO and OAuth2 protected resources.

Spring Cloud Open Service Broker

Provides a starting point for building a service broker that implements the Open Service Broker API.

Spring Cloud Cluster

Leadership election and common stateful patterns with an abstraction and implementation for Zookeeper, Redis, Hazelcast, Consul.

Spring Cloud Consul

Service discovery and configuration management with Hashicorp Consul.

Spring Cloud Security

Provides support for load-balanced OAuth2 rest client and authentication header relays in a Zuul proxy.

Spring Cloud Sleuth

Distributed tracing for Spring Cloud applications, compatible with Zipkin, HTrace and log-based (e.g. ELK) tracing.

Spring Cloud Data Flow

A cloud-native orchestration service for composable microservice applications on modern runtimes. Easy-to-use DSL, drag-and-drop GUI, and REST-APIs together simplifies the overall orchestration of microservice based data pipelines.

Spring Cloud Stream

A lightweight event-driven microservices framework to quickly build applications that can connect to external systems. Simple declarative model to send and receive messages using Apache Kafka or RabbitMQ between Spring Boot apps.

Spring Cloud Stream App Starters

Spring Cloud Stream App Starters are Spring Boot based Spring Integration applications that provide integration with external systems.

Spring Cloud Task

A short-lived microservices framework to quickly build applications that perform finite amounts of data processing. Simple declarative for adding both functional and non-functional features to Spring Boot apps.

Spring Cloud Task App Starters

Spring Cloud Task App Starters are Spring Boot applications that may be any process including Spring Batch jobs that do not run forever, and they end/stop after a finite period of data processing.

Spring Cloud Zookeeper

Service discovery and configuration management with Apache Zookeeper.

Spring Cloud Connectors

Makes it easy for PaaS applications in a variety of platforms to connect to backend services like databases and message brokers (the project formerly known as "Spring Cloud").

Spring Cloud Starters

Spring Boot-style starter projects to ease dependency management for consumers of Spring Cloud. (Discontinued as a project and merged with the other projects after Angel.SR2.)

Spring Cloud CLI

Spring Boot CLI plugin for creating Spring Cloud component applications quickly in Groovy

Spring Cloud Contract

Spring Cloud Contract is an umbrella project holding solutions that help users in successfully implementing the Consumer Driven Contracts approach.

Spring Cloud Gateway

Spring Cloud Gateway is an intelligent and programmable router based on Project Reactor.

Spring Cloud OpenFeign

Spring Cloud OpenFeign provides integrations for Spring Boot apps through autoconfiguration and binding to the Spring Environment and other Spring programming model idioms.

Spring Cloud Pipelines

Spring Cloud Pipelines provides an opinionated deployment pipeline with steps to ensure that your application can be deployed in zero downtime fashion and easilly rolled back of something goes wrong.

Spring Cloud Function

Spring Cloud Function promotes the implementation of business logic via functions. It supports a uniform programming model across serverless providers, as well as the ability to run standalone (locally or in a PaaS).

Release Trains

Spring Cloud is an umbrella project consisting of independent projects with, in principle, different release cadences. To manage the portfolio a BOM (Bill of Materials) is published with a curated set of dependencies on the individual project. Go here to read about the Release Train naming conventions.

Spring Boot Config

Spring Initializr

Quickstart Your Project

Bootstrap your application with Spring Initializr.

Documentation

Each Spring project has its own; it explains in great details how you can use project features and what you can achieve with them.
Hoxton.SR8 CURRENT GA Reference Doc. API Doc.
2020.0.0-SNAPSHOT SNAPSHOT Reference Doc. API Doc.
2020.0.0-M3 PRE Reference Doc. API Doc.
Hoxton.BUILD-SNAPSHOT SNAPSHOT Reference Doc. API Doc.
Greenwich.SR6 GA Reference Doc. API Doc.
Greenwich.BUILD-SNAPSHOT SNAPSHOT Reference Doc. API Doc.

Guides

Designed to be completed in 15-30 minutes, a guide provides quick, hands-on instructions for building a starter app for any development task with Spring.